Never underestimate Mor Nature.
A strange thing has been observed among the young female elephants in Mozambique Gorongosa National Park: About a third of them never developed tusks.
While tusslessness is not indefinite in female African elephants, it would normally only occur in about two to four percent of them. The current magician is one of the first generations born after the end of Mozambique's 15-year civil war, a war in which much was financed through the slaughter of ivory elephants. Ninety percent of the area's elephants were killed, but those who survived without a lifetime. And now they have passed the property to their daughters.
Your Fine Maron writes about the phenomenon of National Geographic and notes that it is not only in Mozambique where elephants seem to take their fate into their own hands. "Other countries with a history of significant ivory rejection also see a similar shift among female survivors and their daughters," she writes. For example, in South Africa's Addo Elephant Park, 98 percent of women were thousands in the early 2000s.
"The presence of tusklessness in Addo is truly remarkable and underlines the fact that high levels of poaching pressure can do more than just remove individuals from a population," said Ryan Long, a behavioral ecologist at Idaho University and a National Geographic Explorer.
How the property is forwarded is still a mystery, according to Shane Campbell-Staton, an evolutionary biologist at the University of California Los Angeles, a research group studying tusklessness. The phenomenon is almost exclusively for women, which is meaningless since men without teeth would be detrimental to mating. Maron writes, "But if this feature was traditionally, X-Link went down along the X chromosome, which helps determine gender and carries genes for different hereditary features – we would think so because men always get their X chromosome from their mothers that you "D has a really large population of men who are single. "
Regardless, the thousands of women seem to have an advantage in this tragic ivory-hungry world of us. But are they otherwise disadvantaged to be without such an important tool? Elephants use their teeth for everything from digging for water to tear bark from trees to access food.
Anecdotal evidence suggests that the elephants of the wizard apparently have no healthy health effects. They find solutions, including using their socks and teeth and feeding on softer trees or trees that have been "started" by another elephant. (As said, which elephants make their teeth are also important for other species. For example, a number of species depend on the bark and the waterhole for their habitat.)
Researchers are now studying how tusklessness can change the behavior of the elephants. Do they need a larger area for feed management? Will it change where they live and how quickly do they move?
"One or all of these changes in behavior can lead to changes in the distribution of elephants across the landscape, and these are the major changes that are likely to have consequences for the rest of the ecosystem," says Long.
There are many questions to answer and nobody is exactly sure where this will go, but one thing is certain: Elephants without tusks will not be killed for ivory. These ladies help to win it. And while it may not be a perfect solution, it's amazing to see how these extraordinary creatures are human.
You can read Maron's whole paragraph here: Under the thief, elephants develop to lose their teeth. You can learn more about the Gorongosa Elephants at Elephant Voices and / or watch the video below.
Never underestimate Mor Nature.