the uremic hemolytic syndrome (HOUSE), rotavirus or botulism are some of the diseases that occur most during the summer due to ingestion of food "insecure"According to the World Health Organization, they affect 600 million people a year.
"The food-borne diseases (ETA) is more frequent in the summer, as the conditions of humidity and temperature facilitate the rapid growth of bacteria and the formation of toxins in contaminated products, "explained gastroenterologist Silvina Goncalves (MN 74165), Emergency Emergency Officer at Udaondo Hospital from the city of Buenos Aires .
The specialist warned that the most affected groups are the children, the pregnant women, the elderly and the patients with the altered immune system, as transplanted, immunosuppressed or people with HIV or cancer.
When a food is "unsafe"
"Meals can be considered unsafe when for lack of hygiene and sanitation or for its origin and preservation They are capable of producing food poisoning or infectious diseases. Poorly chilled creams allow the spread of bacteria, sausages made with meat from uncontrolled pigs can cause trichinosis or unpasteurized homemade cheeses can cause brucellosis, "explained the nurse infectious physician Elizabeth Bogdanowicz (MN 66915).
The expert working at Hospital de Clínicas in Buenos Aires and a member of the Argentine pediatrician (SAP) company explained that ETA can be of bacterial originsuch as salmonellosis, HUS, botulism and typhoid fever; viralsuch as norvirus, rotavirus or hepatitis A; or caused by pestssuch as toxoplasmosis, hydatidose or trichinosis.
"Although ETA is not necessarily seasonal, because it can be viewed at any time of the year, the summer season is particularly critical for food safetysince high temperatures favor the development of microorganisms, "Bogdanowicz said." The humid climate "he continued" elevated temperatures, wrong manipulations, lack of cooking or inadequate cooking and neglect of hygiene are the main factors that can lead to food contamination and cause poisoning and infections frequently in the summer. "
How can you help with prevention
According to Goncalves, "to prevent food poisoning You should wash your hands often and always before cooking or cleaning. You should also wash them always after touching raw meat. "
He also advised to clean plates and utensils who have been in contact with beef, fish, chicken or raw eggs, cooking at the right temperature for each type of meat and refrigeratable food or residue within two hours.
For his part Bogdanowicz agreed and added "protect food and kitchen area of insects, pets and other animals and keep food in separate containers to avoid contact between raw and cooked. "
"It is also recommended Do not defrost food at room temperatureas some bacteria can reproduce very quickly and avoid cutting the cold chain, as in the summer food is more susceptible, especially if it is transported outside the home to take them to a picnic or to the beach, "he added.