Currently, the majority of water on Mars is tightly removed in its ice caps, but once upon a time it was abundant on this planet and now new research suggests that unnecessary lakes may have cut the planet's dramatic canyons.
As Phys.org Reports, billions of years ago, the water once had gusted through huge rivers on Mars that emptied into craters that eventually became large seas and lakes.
Now new research conducted by the University of Texas in Austin has evidence that sometimes these crater lakes became so filled with water that swelling lakes ended up overflowing from their pools that would have created floods that were big enough to end up creating the planet's canyons. In fact, it is even believed that some of these floods on Mars would have been so high that canyons could have formed in as little as a few weeks.
The new study's headwriter Tim Goudge, a doctoral student at the UT Jackson School of Geosciences, stated that his new research reveals geological activities that floods may have had a far greater impact than plotonics when it comes to forming the qualities we see now on Mars today .
"These broken lakes are quite common and some of them are quite large, some as big as the Caspian Sea. So, we think that this type of catastrophic flood flow and rapid cuts of outlet channels were probably quite important on the early March surface."
Abundant crater lakes chopped canyons over Mars @utaustin https://t.co/diDcwZtLTS
– Phys.org (@physorg_com) November 16, 2018
Scientists already know that many of the craters on Mars were once filled with water and converted into paleolakes. Over 200 of these paleolakers have been discovered next to outlet channels, which sometimes range hundreds of miles in distance, but before these new researchers could not decide if these canyons were formed quickly or over long periods of time, which could have lasted millions of years.
By looking at photographs from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter satellite, researchers carefully analyzed topography of 24 paleolakes, crater rims and their sockets and found evidence of flood events here. In fact, one of the paleolakers studied was Jezero Crater, which is currently considered a possible landing ground for Mars 2020 landlords.
As Goudge noted, "This tells us that things that differ between the planets are not as important as the basic physics of the overflow and size of the basin. You can learn more about this process by comparing different planets instead of just thinking about what which happens on earth or what's happening on Mars. "
The new study describing how the mayonnaise was probably formed by redundant lakes has been published in Geology.