An ultraviolet telescope installed on the Russian satellite Lomonosov has recorded light "explosions" in the planet's atmosphere, whose physical nature has not been explained so far, said the Director of the Nuclear Physics Research Institute at the Russian State University in an interview with Sputnik.
"Using the telescope, we have achieved even more important results than we had expected. It seems that we have experienced new physical phenomena … We do not know their physical nature … For example, during Lomonosov's flight at a height of several dozen kilometers, we have recorded several times a very powerful "explosion" of light, but everything was clear under it, no storms, no clouds, "said Mikhail Panasyuk.
Russian astronomical satellite Mikhailo Lomonosov from Moscow State University was launched to Earth's circuit in 2016.
It was designed to observe transient phenomena in the Earth's upper atmosphere and to study the radiation characteristics of the planet's magnetosphere and for fundamental cosmological research. Its weight is 625 kg.
The satellite is equipped with a space telescope for measuring the energy spectrum and the chemical composition of high-energy cosmic rays from near the Earth's orbit. In addition, there are instrumental systems installed on board to study cosmic gamma-ray bursts and the Earth's near-magnetosphere.