An outbreak of yellow fever in various Brazilian states caused many tourists' reactions in recent years to be vaccinated against the viral infection transmitted by various mosquitoes. The truth is that the prevention measure against this vector disease has its specific specifications because of its adverse effects and not everyone can receive the vaccine. It even happens that those who can receive it do not go to destinations at risk of infection.
For this reason, it is important to remember which preventive measures to take, who should take them into account, where to go, and which places can be visited more peacefully are some of the aspects to consider when we build our travel log.
It's not the same to start a trip from the hotel to the beach than to go backpacking to travel the world. In addition, some people in the summer prefer to vacation in places where there are low temperatures and with it, the presence of influenza virus, which becomes another factor to participate.
"The first thing to consider, no matter where the place is, is care with the consumption of drinking water, and special care must be taken with the ice because it is something that is manipulated and sometimes done with tap water and it is not always drinkable. "began to say Capello.
In addition, and in the basic recommendations, the professional said that "you should try to consume cooked food and wash fruit and vegetables very well, if you go to restaurants, choose fresh and not very spicy foods if you want to be exposed to radiation, use sunscreen and repellent to avoid mosquito bites, thus preventing dengue, yellow fever and malaria, "he said.
Mask and yellow fever
Today, the two most important issues that Argentina has in terms of adventurous travelers or not are measles and yellow fever. The tourist who goes to countries where there are uncontrolled measles such as Europe or Venezuela "must be vaccinated before traveling or at least make sure it is already in order to reduce the risk of infection and reintroduce measles into the country," Capello says.
"Argentina has a good vaccination coverage, what was seen in 2018 was a resurgence of the disease in Venezuela and in European countries, the indication is that anyone traveling for less than 50 years should have two doses of vaccines placed if should be an amplification, they are considered above this age to have the antibody, Venezuela has some areas where, in addition, malaria, dengue and yellow fever must be prophylaxis, to avoid stinging is fundamental, "he added.
In the case of yellow fever, the last recommendation of the World Health Organization of the States Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Federal District, including Brasilia, Espirito Santo, Goiás, Maranhão, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mina Gerais, Pará, Paraná, Piauí, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Sul, Rondónia, Roraima, Santa Catarina, San Pablo, Tocantis, the municipalities of Bahia and Iguazu Falls.
In Argentina, the recommendation for Corrientes and Misiones applies, "we prevent dengue and yellow fever."
In addition to the recommendations, vaccination against yellow fever is not for everyone. "In people over 60 years or younger than 9 months traveling to these destinations, they cannot be vaccinated." "The unwanted effects of the vaccine are slightly more current and more aggressive in people over 60, remember that it is a live virus vaccine that can give off an allergic reaction to the reproduction of the disease, very high fever, changes in liver and liver and in some cases at the neurological level, so it is not recommended for the over 60 nursing women and children under 9 months of age, "he said.
In the northern part of Brazil there is a Zika epidemic, so if a pregnant woman is infected, it increases the chances of her baby being born of malformations, so in these cases it is suggested not to travel, he explained.
Dengue, malaria, influenza and hepatitis A
The travel models are different in each one, who are expecting their holiday a year in advance, others doing weeks before leaving where they set up their route, days, hours and mobility, but others opt for a more adventurous way and they leave as backpackers. "The one who chooses adventure tourism is more prone to vectors and less safe food".
Reducing risks is important, and in destinations like Southeast Asia it is important to be cautious about the consumption of water and food because there are many diseases that have this kind of income and can cause diarrhea for hepatitis A, "explained Sandra Capello
Although Argentina is a country that has a wide coverage in boys, older adults are considered vulnerable, so most of us have antibodies, but destinations like Brazil, the recommendations are cautious with water and food and with sexual relations being used. of condoms still the recommendation for hepatitis A, B and for HIV ".
Destination with prior consultation
"All destinations must have a prior medical examination, especially check the vaccination card, so those who make adventure tourism deserve a consultation to recommend food and water management, which is rarely taken into account, often made the prophylaxis of malaria and yellow fever. but other things are being neglected, "he said.
"Asia, Africa and some points in Central America have a recommendation for prophylaxis against malaria."
When we talk about summer holidays, many of us see sea, sand and sun, but not everyone prefers it, and it is the right time to visit places where the temperature is low and with cold refresh the influence. "In Rafaela, there is a dose to be vaccinated before the journey begins, but if that is not enough, it is recommended to be vaccinated as soon as they reach their destination."
Vaccines for travelers
Yellow fever, measles, tetanus and the full short after age, and depending on the destinations, there are specific requirements.
On Tuesdays at Jaime Ferré Vaccination you can place the yellow fever vaccine, the others you can approach any day of the week, there are doses available.