The opening of blood donations to homosexuals in July 2016 did not increase the risk of transmission of the AIDS virus by transfusion FUGGAGE
The opening of blood donation to homosexuals in July 2016 did not increase the risk of transmission of AIDS virus by transfusion, which is still "very weak in France", according to the first results of a survey published Wednesday by the Health Agency of Public Health France.
The risk, which has not changed since blood donation was opened to homosexuals, constitutes "a potentially HIV-infected donation not detected every two years," or a 5.2 million between 2015 and 2017.
The survey, involving nearly 110,000 donors, was conducted to "consider a larger opening of blood donation" to men who have sex with men (MSM), "says health care workers.
The purpose of donating blood to these men has indeed been accompanied by a significant limitation: they must not have had sex between men over the past 12 months prior to donation.
The survey shows that this condition is not always respected, but suggests that it could be met if the abstinence was shortened.
Among male donors, 0.73% reported having sex with men over the past 12 months without reporting it before donation, according to the Complidon study.
However, this percentage drops to 0.56% if you examine the four months preceding their donation.
In addition, among men who have had sex with men over the past 12 months, one in two (46%) said that they would have reported it during the interview before donation about the duration of withdrawal had been shorter.
– Lack of privacy –
Even if it is just intentions, it suggests that this known abstinence criterion could be respected if the duration was shorter, estimates the health care agency.
"Following similar data, in November 2017, Britain allowed MSM to donate blood provided they did not have sex between men during the three months prior to donation," he said. she.
However, the MSM selection criteria in the Anglo-Saxon countries are higher. For example, in England, a study conducted in 2014 showed that 0.4% of the 31,000 men examined had sex between men during the 12 months preceding the donation.
In the French survey, men who admit to having sex with men over the 12 months prior to their last donation, usually under 30, work more often in health.
They complain about the lack of confidentiality in the interview or even the survey, and more than half (58%) refuse to vary due to sexual orientation.
Other reasons are mentioned for not having said everything before the donation: 41% use systematic condoms. Twenty two percent have had the same partner for at least 12 months and 11% have only had a relationship with a man over the past 12 months before the donation.
More than half (52.6%) of the 108,386 blood donors in the survey were women. Some 85.1% were known donors. The median age of those donating between July 10, 2016 and December 2017 was 38 years.
For the donation of quarantine plasma, which is used mainly for the manufacture of drugs (immunoglobulins, coagulation factors …), selection criteria are now the same as for heterosexuals.