New Delhi, November 18 (IANS) Antibiotic infections spread wings in India and kill over 58,000 children each year, while uncontrolled dumping of untreated urban waste in water bodies affects aquatic life and the environment.
With some of the highest antibiotic resistant bacteria that usually cause infections in social and healthcare facilities, India is strongly affected by the Center for Disease Dynamics Economics and Policy (CDDEP), as the world's 2018 antibiotic awareness week ends on Sunday.
"Every year globally, nearly 700,000 lives disappear. More than 58,000 children die in India alone, from antibiotic-resistant infections," said CDDEP.
Antibiotic resistance is the ability of pathogenic bacteria and microorganisms to resist antibiotics or medications due to adaptation.
Earlier in 2017, a team of experts from India and Sweden also flagged concerns about uncontrolled dumping of partially treated and untreated urban waste to rivers – leading to the spread of antibiotic resistance.
According to CDDEP research, global use of antibiotics in humans has increased by 65 percent in 2015 since 2000, while consumption in low and middle income countries increased by 114 percent.
"India saw the highest increase in antibiotic use by 103 percent. This has resulted in a modern crisis with lack of effective antibiotics and a weak pipeline for new antibiotics," says Jyoti Joshi, Head of South Asia, CDDEP.
The CDDEP study showed that resistance to broad spectrum antibiotics is detected in more than 70 percent of organisms that cause pneumonia and sepsis.
"As a leading manufacturer of critical medicines containing antibiotics, India is known as the world's pharmacy. But the back side of this is that the poisonous outflows from these manufacturing sites get even more chaos on the Indian rivers and the environment," said Joshi.
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