BEIJING: China launched a rover destined to land on the landing side, a global first that would increase Beijing's ambitions to become a space force, state media said.
The Chang & # 39; e-4 lunar probe mission – named after the moon goddess of Chinese mythology – launched early yesterday on one Long March 3B rocket from the southwest Xichang launch center at. 2.23 (local time), according to the official Xinhua news agency.
Blast-off marked the start of a long journey to the far side of the moon for Chang & # 39; e-4 mission is expected to land around New Year to conduct trials and explore the pristine terrain.
"Chang & # 39; e-4 the first probe of humanity is to land and explore the landing page, "said Mission Commander He Rongwei of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp, the largest state-owned space carrier.
"This mission is also the most significant deep space research project in the world in 2018," he said.
Unlike the nearest side of the moon, which is "early locked" and always faces the ground, and offers many flat areas to touch, the distant side is mountainous and robust.
It was only in 1959 that the Soviet Union captured the first images of the heavily crushed surface without explaining any of the mystery of the dark side of the moon.
No farmer or robber has ever touched the surface there and places China as the first nation to explore the area.
China over the past 10 or 20 years has systematically tickled the first time that the 1960s and 1970s America and Soviet Union explored the space, "said Jonathan McDowell, an astronomer at Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
"This is one of the first times they have done something that no-one else has done before."
It's not an easy technological experience – China has been preparing for this moment for years.
A major challenge for such a mission is to communicate with the robot lander: since the landing page always points away from the ground, there is no direct "sight" for signals.
As a solution, China in May broke Queqiao ("Magpie Bridge") satellite into the moon's circuits and placed it so that it can relate data and commands between lander and earth.
Adding to the difficulties, Chang & # 39; e-4 sent to the Aitken basin in the southern Polish region, known for its lean and complex terrain.
The probe carries six experiments from China and four from abroad.
They include low-frequency radio astronomical studies aimed at exploiting the lack of interference on the other hand – as well as mineral and radiation tests, Xinhua quoted that China's National Space Administration says.
The trials also include planting potatoes and other seeds, according to Chinese media reports.
Beijing pours billions into its military-flowing space program hoping to have a crew in 2022, and eventually send people to the moon. – AFP