The World Health Organization (WHO) states that resistance to antimicrobial substances is currently configured as a real problem on the planet. The bacteria are also developed and that the selection causes these microorganisms to acquire resistance to drugs to those who were initially vulnerable.
Therefore, it is not enough to develop new drugs because bacteria through selective pressure will always find ways to become resistant and stop responding to normal treatment, which can lead to long-term high risk of death.
(WHO) estimates that around 700,000 people die worldwide for this reason, and if no action is taken, the figure will reach 10 million by 2050. "The change can not wait. Antibody with antibiotics is over", where one of the last messages from the world's sanitary unit.
He also explained that abuse and systematic abuse of these drugs in medicine and in the production of food puts all nations at risk. There are few new replacement antimicrobials in the research and development phase. Without harmonized and immediate action at global level, we are moving towards a post-antibiotic era where joint infections can return to being fatal.
This concern for the scientific community grows day by day as resistance to the molecules with the usual antibiotic effect is very high, affecting the mortality and disease of the patients, basically those practicing the hospitals and an agreement on " infection associated with healthcare "(formerly called hospital or nosocomial).
The change of denomination is derived from a new paradigm: Due to the changes that took place in the forms of care, we found patients who helped to provide more procedures not only at the hospital but also at day hospitals, in geriatric hospitals and in hospitalizations.
Experts who met at the VIII Congress of the Argentine Society for Bacteriology, Mycology and Clinical Parasitology (Sadebac) explained that the problem is not only at the hospital and the sanatorium, but also in health centers such as day hospitals, geriatric hospitals and home hospitalizations.
This represents a new paradigm at the global level where human, animal and environmental health is interrelated, which involves cross-linking bacteria between the three.
"These infections associated with healthcare (IACS) are closely related to the use of medical devices that we did not previously have. Medicine is advanced enormously, and therefore there are now more patients with compromised immune systems (transplanted, oncology, etc.). are often exposed to invasive procedures that inevitably lead to the risk of having infections associated with their use, "he said. Dr. Jaime Kovensky Pupko, biochemist, specialist in clinical bacteriology UBA and coordinator of subcommittee for antimicrobials of Sadebac.
In this area, one of the problems that most concern the scientific community is the low level of compliance with hand-washing by health professionals, which in our country does not exceed 30 percent.
"The biggest problem with not washing hands is the transfer of bacteria horizontally," says Dr. Adriana Sucari, Biochemistry, Vice President of the Argentine Association of Microbiology (AAM) and President of Sadebac.