December 13, 2018
On December 1, the "World Day for Combating HIV Aids" is celebrated, the date dedicated to the awareness of the acquired immunodeficiency virus and also to the diffusion of the detected progress in combating it.
Acquired Immun Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is the disease or symptomatic manifestation of the most advanced stages of infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). HIV attacks and destroys the immune system of the infecting organism, specifically a type of cells called CD4 + T lymphocytes, also called helper-lymphocytes or collaborators who are responsible for the defensive or protective function against external factors that threaten.
HIV / AIDS Program for Infectology Unit by Dr. Sótero del Río Welfare Complex has treated a total of 4025 patients since the 90s so far, of whom there are currently 2,479 active patients in control. The unit is responsible for diagnosis, control and treatment of people with HIV / AIDS. According to what the coordinator Matrona of this device and the program, Ana María Fernández says, the number of HIV patients has increased in this last time and therefore it is very necessary for people to take the test to diagnose it on time. , "If a person with HIV receives antiretroviral treatment lowers their viral load can not be detected, it would not transfer the virus (…) It is always advisable to use condoms to prevent other sexually transmitted diseases if the diagnosis is early, ie. , in the first phase of the disease, the prognosis significantly improves the risk of progress in the AIDS scene, "he says.
Better quality of life for patients
The Infectious Disease Unit has an interdisciplinary team consisting of infectologists, midwives, psychologists, social workers, paramedics, administrative, pharmacist and pharmacist who play an important role throughout the patient's lifetime since entering. "We accompany the patient throughout their process, we emit them in case of mental health or drug abuse, since the most important thing is that the patient has 100% compliance with the treatment, which will improve the control of pathology and quality and life expectancy", Adds the specialist.
He also notes that "We have had good results in the prevention of vertical transmission (from mother to child), involving a total of 180 pregnant women and achieving a transfer rate of 1.8%. "
Since 2005, HIV / AIDS has occurred in AUGE so that all persons diagnosed with this condition have the right to triple therapy. The coordinating midwife adds that "Previously, these therapies had side effects that affected the patient who did not comply with the therapy. Currently, however, the treatment was simplified to fewer tablets (3 drugs in 1), reducing side effects and improved tolerance, enabling patients to improve their compliance with antiretroviral treatment and no longer die of HIV / AIDS".
The device welcomes the patient throughout its scope. "It is not easy to receive the diagnosis, there is sense of guilt, relinquishment and rejection of their families, friends and society (…) it is difficult, but we try to play a very important role in the accompaniment"He emphasizes.
There is no definitive cure why HIV has become a chronic disease. Connection to treatment, good medical care, support from family networks, friends and peers makes it possible to control the disease. "Before the goal was that people survived the virus, it was achieved and we focused on improving the patient's quality of life. It is a disease that we are all exposed to. The most important thing is to detect it as early as possible, and for this the test is crucial (…) Regardless of the sexual condition, we must all be aware that the test is the only method for identifying the virus before the symptoms occur Aids stage markers"Says the professional.
Treatment of the disease as quickly as possible and the development of treatments for HIV has made life expected in people living with HIV (PLHIV) ever bigger and with a better quality of life, but there are 40% of the population in our country who living with HIV and not knowing that's why it's so important to take the test.
(Note in version of Saturday 8.12.18)