People with bipolar disorder or who have previously suffered from depression are more likely to suffer from seasonal depression or decembrina, and neuropsychiatrist Edilberto Peña told Efe today.
"Those with bipolar depression are more susceptible to highlighting their symptoms at this time, as well as those who have previously had depression," says the Director General of the Center Nervous System Research Center (Cisne).
The master of medical science said that although there is no global statistics on people suffering from seasonal depression, it is known that at least 9.1% of the Mexican population suffers from depression, "so it would be the people who is exposed to like it ".
While about 1.6% of Mexicans suffer from bipolar disorder, so the number could also see their depression accentuated at this time.
"Depression is a disease of the central nervous system where the characteristic signs are persistent sadness for more than two weeks and loss of ability to feel pleasure with the things that give it," explained Peña.
He indicated that although many people at the end of the year are one of the best times, for some it is a stage where it is difficult to cut off the sadness.
"This may be due to various reasons, from failure to meet goals and purposes, loss of loved ones, poor eating habits and drinking habits until the days are colder, shorter and darker," he said.
Depression at the end of the year, he explained, has two components, one recognized worldwide, which is seasonal depression and is presented by the difference in exposure to sunlight hours. "It changes the patterns of secretion of neurotransmitters, which favors being saddened," he explained.
The other component he added is the emotional "that carries a content of reflection on how it went in the year, the loved ones who are no longer with us, our frustrations or who have the feeling that the days should be very happy and then we feel out of context. "
Peña said that many people perceive that he feels bad, but he does not know what he has, and his family, friends and others with little knowledge usually recommend him to "feel like".
"But it must be recognized that depression is a disease such as gastritis or diabetes, a clinical history should be made, see if there are other correlated diseases such as hypothyroidism, cancer, heart attack, etc.", he said.
"Depression is a disease, it is not just a normal or expected state of mind at that time, and certainly should not be a reason for weakness or guilt," he said.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), depression in 2020 will be the second cause of disability in the world and the first in developing countries, such as Mexico.
Peña also said that it is necessary to remove the stigma of treatment and to know that there is a variety of mental health experts.
"Not only is the psychiatrist, who is psychologists, counselors, religious ministers, nurses, social workers, everyone is sensitized to depression and is educated to give first-aid depression," he said.
As for the treatment, the expert explained that it depends on the severity of depression.
"When it is mild or moderate, only psychotherapies and behavioral changes can be used, such as the maintenance of well-maintained dormitories, a balanced diet, physical activation, and a routine of activities," he said.
While there is a severe depression, it is mandatory to combine psychotherapy with antidepressant drugs "generally between 80% and 90% of cases discharged between 9 and 12 months."
Finally, he reminded that the most important thing is to approach a professional to get a proper diagnosis "because with a good diagnosis and treatment, patients have a perfect quality of life." EFE