According to statistics from the World Tourism Organization, By 2017, international tourism grew for the eighth consecutive year. The most sought after destinations received 1.323 million people, approximately 84 million more than the year before. Every day, more than 3 million tourists cross international borders and every year around 1.2 billion people travel abroad to their health for a wide range of risks in unknown environments. These risks can be minimized, take appropriate precautions before, during and after a trip.
"Long-distance travel and flights have grown considerably in recent times, which increases the risk of diseases and, for example, the traffic exposes passengers to different factors that may affect their health and well-being: All travel time can result in the transmission of an infection between passengers, Nearby – Cough or sneezing or direct contact with items touched by other passengers. people can acquire an infection at the place of origin or destination and transport the disease from one place to another, could occur or favor the occurrence of an outbreak, "explained the infectious physician and medical specialist to Travelers Pablo Elmassian, a member of the Adult Adult Class of the Foundation of Infectious Studies (Funcei).
The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that all travelers have updated their vaccination plans. The recommended vaccines for persons traveling are classified into three categories: usual (those included in the national vaccination calendar), mandatory (required by the International Health Code, known as "RSI2005") and recommended according to the diseases that may exposed during the trip). Vaccination recommendations from travelers are dynamic because they are subject to epidemiological changes that may occur, why it is necessary to consult current specialists and make the necessary consultations regarding these changes.
"Travel is good opportunities for healthcare professionals to check that the vaccination plan for children, adolescents and adults is complete as it is important to protect the journey and health of their entire society when they return. Vaccinations such as those that protect against measles, flu, pneumococci and hepatitis A and B, including meningitis, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis should be considered before the trip.".
"When we prepare for the trip, we think of reservations, passages, documents and suitcases. To protect us from diseases, one topic should also be considered. Visit the doctor before you travel is important to know the recommendations and the indication of the required vaccines and medicines according to each destination, "explained the specialist.
Although the outbreak of yellow fever in Brazil has ceased, there is currently an indication of vaccination for those who go to most destinations in the country normally visited (except those in the northeast) as they are transmission areas of the disease. The vaccine is an extremely effective tool both for protecting the individual in areas where there is a risk of yellow fever infection and for protecting vulnerable countries against the virus imports.
"It is important to note that not everyone traveling to Brazil should be vaccinated against yellow fever. The indication of the vaccine is only for those who travel to endemic areas. A consultation with a healthcare staff should be carried out with sufficient time to implement appropriate preventive measures, "said Elmassian.