In Peru, 90% of patients die with lung cancer during the first year after being diagnosed. This is indicated by the National Institute of Neoplastic Diseases (INEN), describing that of every 100 people diagnosed with this disease, 90 does not complete treatment and only 10 survivors survive.
For this reason, oncologists at this institute noted the need to promote early diagnosis and encourage constant control each year.
Lung cancer causes more than 2500 deaths each year, with Tumbes, Lima and Callao regions registering the highest number of cases. This makes it the second cause of cancer death in the country, for cancer alone.
Karla Ruiz de Castilla, chief of the Esperantra Patients Association, indicates that the high number of victims is due to the fact that lung cancer is most likely discovered in advanced stages and in people over 65 years old.
Similarly, Dr. Mauricio León Rivera, from the Cancer Detection Center and oncologist at the Ricardo Palma clinic, points out that there are 17 other types of cancers related to tobacco consumption: oral cavity (tongue), kidney, bladder, uterus, among others.
"Cancer, in its early stages, has no symptoms, so prevention is urgent, once a year you must visit the oncologist or pulmonologist."
Environmental pollution and lifestyles are also factors that risk people. There is a growing proportion of people who do not smoke but who have lung cancer.
At the traffic light of lung cancer in Latin America, Peru has poor performance in access to treatment, early diagnosis and prevention (infographic). ❧