Prime Minister Edouard Philippe, announced on Wednesday, November 14, at RTL, the actions his government intends to take to respond to the movement of "yellow vests" against rising fuel prices. Philippe confirmed the traces mentioned a week earlier by Emmanuel Macron on energy controls and fuel controls, two separate support to help poorer households cope with higher energy prices due to the cost of commodities and tax increases.
What is energy control?
It is a control that helps the modest households to warm up. It varies between 44 and 277 euros depending on the composition of the home, with an average payment of 150 euros. Created in 2015 by the Energy Transition and Green Growth Act, energy control was examined in four departments before it was generalized in 2018.
It replaces social charges for electricity and gas, but is more extensive, as it can be used to pay for fuel oil, at or even energy refurbishment of the house. Certificates sent with energy control grant additional rights: Exceptions for gas or electrical installation charges on moving, cost reduction and maintenance of force in case of payment.
Today, 3.6 million French people can benefit from energy control. they will be 5.6 million.
The Prime Minister recalled that it was already planned to increase the amount of this check which will go from 150 to 200 euros per year – a measure as shown in the draft budget for 2019. The CEO also wants to increase the number of beneficiaries of this support. Today, 3.6 million French people can benefit from energy control. they will be 5.6 million, said the prime minister.
The check is already sent directly to the eligible households directly, according to the income they have declared. All energy traffickers are required to accept this check, which is valid until March 31 the following year and also pays invoices online. On the other hand, it can not be paid by the recipient.
As stated by the action officer and the public accounts Gérald Darmanin, "560,000 people do not pay it"or 15% of the eligible households, in current contours. The system is still more efficient than social security charges, as requested in only 60% of cases. According to an evaluation report conducted in the four pilot departments, recruitment reached more than 20% for several reasons: households had not been checked (8%), they had lost or forgotten (4%). %), they did not understand the device (3%) or the check was denied by the supplier (2%).
Energy control, if used by all current beneficiaries, would cost the state 800 million euros in 2019. The expansion to taxable households will mechanically increase the bill.
What is the fuel control?
Unlike the energy control, which is physically in the form of a paper used to pay part of an invoice, there is no fuel control to present at the time of refueling.
The device closest to it is a "personal transport aids" (ATP), paid by the Hauts-de-France region to workers who use their car or two-wheelers. Employees on time-limited contracts or CDIs, located more than 30 kilometers from the place where they work, in a municipality far from public transport, earning less than twice the minimum wage (ie EUR 2,347 net) are eligible. The aid, with a single amount of 20 euros per month, is paid directly to the recipient's bank account. It is part of a series of measures adopted since 2016 to improve the employment rate (education, vehicle loans, child care assistance …).
On November 6, Emmanuel Macron described this transportation aids as "good philosophy". Not surprisingly, the Prime Minister has not announced a generalization of the unit at national level. On the other hand, he confirmed that the amount of this aid would no longer be included in the income declared by those who would receive it from their region if it decided to set up a system similar to that in Hauts-de-Seine. de-France. It is clear that the 20 euros collected each month are now included in the reported income and must be included in the return. This will no longer be the case from 1st January announced the prime minister.
This measure has the advantage that it is easy to implement and cheap for the state. It would just be a little more tax tax, for the households who are already a little taxed. It would be up to the societies to fund the system if they want to assume it. In the Hautes-de-France budget 2018, the transport aid corresponds to EUR 3.4 million.
"This announcement is very surprising because it is because the regions will pay while the state collects the income from energy and climate contributions (CEC). It is also contrary to the obligation of regions not to increase their operating costs", responded to the association regions in France when the track had been developed by the President of the Republic.