SAxis continues to lead the field in education compared to the federal states. This is evidenced by the Bildungsmonitor 2019 of the New Social Market Economy (INSM) initiative presented in Berlin. The free state has been able to claim first place in the annual land ranking. Behind rank Bayern and Thuringia. They are followed by Saarland, Hamburg and Baden-Württemberg.
Berlin is the new laggard in educational comparison just behind Bremen and Brandenburg. Last year, Bremen was in last place.
In addition to the level of student achievement in the federal states, the study also compares other factors. 93 indicators are used to analyze "how successfully each federal state organizes its education system to create optimal growth and employment impulses," says INSM.
For example, it examines how much money a state spends on each student, e.g. The numerical relationship between teachers and students, or the high proportion of younger teachers. The dropout rate from school and apprenticeship and test scores in reading and math is also compared, and INSM, in whose hands the study is based, is funded by employers' associations in the metal and electrical industries.
What works in Saxony – and what doesn't
The authors praise, among other things, the winner of Saxony for the fact that many children in kindergartens and elementary schools are cared for during the day, that only a few students do not meet the minimum requirements in mathematics or reading, and that many engineers and academics are trained in mathematics and natural sciences at Saxon universities.
Especially good work according to the information about the promotion. Many children use full-time activities in kindergartens and elementary schools. Saxony is also doing well in terms of educational poverty. There is room for improvement in school dropout.
Survey makers also see a need for action in other areas. Above all, more could be achieved in terms of integration, they said. For a systematic language promotion with the beginning of daycare is an advantage. There is still room for improvement in digitalization.
In addition, Saxony performed relatively poorly in the nationwide comparison of time efficiency. This can primarily be explained by the small proportion of students in a bachelor's program. With only 52 percent, Free State is in last place. Nevertheless, Saxony scored best across all regions – for the 14th consecutive time.
Too many dropouts in the capital
The lowest crew in the national comparison is Berlin. In the past year, the capital ranked 13th among the 16 federal states in the INSM education monitor. Now there are many construction sites listed.
The study criticizes, among other things, that many foreign students leave school without a degree. Of 4,109 foreign graduates in 2017, 855 remained without degrees. This results in a school dropout rate among foreign youth of 20.8 percent (national average: 18.1 percent).
There are also shortcomings in vocational training: Measured by the population of the respective age group, relatively few business training places were offered in 2018, it is said. Despite significant improvements, Berlin recorded the lowest rate of 56.1 percent (national average: 67.7 percent). Therefore, the last place Berlin also occupies the number of unemployed applicants (14.9 percent).
The study further criticizes the fact that in 2017, just over 39 percent of trainees dropped out of their education early – well over a third. Again, this is a negative highlight of the national comparison (national average: 28.3 percent.)
In the school sector, experts noted negatively that in Berlin, a relatively high proportion of students in comparative work did not meet the minimum standards. In addition, school dropout rate in 2017 was 9.2 percent – the second-worst value of all federal states (national average: 6.3 percent).
Berlin can score points in some areas
Despite all the problems, the study points out that Berlin's educational system also has positive aspects. In terms of the number of lessons and the teacher-student ratio, the capital is doing well – in the ratio of teacher students to colleges even in Germany.
In 2017, 79.2 percent of Berlin's elementary school students attended an open or tied full-time school (national average: 41.6 percent). Berlin thus occupies fourth place in all federal states.
In addition, capital contributes greatly to the training of young researchers. This is shown, for example, by the degree of promotion, where Berlin 2017 achieved the best value of all federal states by 7.3 percent (national average: 5.7 percent). And: Berlin professors requested more third-party funding – such as project funds from private companies or donors – than the national average.
The head of the Institute of German Business (IW), Axel Plünnecke, called for more education. "We are in urgent need of further expansion of day care and full-day schools, more quality early childhood education, investment in digital education and more funding for individual support in social hotspots," said Plünnecke.
Currently, just over nine percent of gross domestic product is used for education and research in Germany. That fire should rise to ten percent, economic researchers demanded.
At the same time, INSM CEO Hubertus Pellengahr was convinced that money alone is not a good education. "Above all, the money needs to be spent more efficiently," Pellengahr demanded. INSM is here for "more nationwide comparable tests and more freedom of action for schools to trigger an idea competition".