London, August 17: People living with HIV have a markedly increased risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cough, heart disease, pregnancy mortality and sepsis, anemia and bone fractures, according to a study.
For the study, published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases, researchers combined data from 20 separate observational studies and examined 55 different diseases.
They found that people living with HIV are at increased risk of getting specific diseases and diseases, some of which are often more associated with aging.
"By gathering data from various studies, we have been able to show for the first time that even with the rising lifespan of people living with HIV, this population now appears to be disproportionately affected by chronic diseases that are often can be attributed to lifestyle issues such as smoking, drug and alcohol use or more commonly associated with an elderly population, ”said study researcher Lee Smith from Anglia Ruskin University in England.
Although the number of people infected with HIV is declining, about 1.8 million people are infected every year, and HIV is still one of the world's major health problems.
In recent years, people with HIV have benefited from improved access to antiretroviral therapy. However, increased life expectancy and a lower immunity have meant higher levels of comorbidity, with people living with HIV also more likely to suffer from other diseases.
The greater prevalence of age-associated diseases can be explained by the persistent immune deficiency and inflammation associated with HIV. There are also side effects associated with antiretroviral therapy.
Previous studies have also suggested that people with HIV in developed countries as a population often exhibit greater risk factors associated with non-AIDS-related diseases, such as smoking, drug use and alcohol use.