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Health News: Early detection of symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children to prevent disability and death! – All sides



Early detection of symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children

Early detection of symptoms of type 1 diabetes in children

Nakita.id – Early detection of diabetes mellitus type 1 in children is an important thing to do to avoid disability and even death.

This was stated by Dr Aman Bhakti Pulungan, SpA (K), Chairman of the Asia Pacific Endocrinologist Association.

"With early detection, treatment can be done as soon as possible for people with diabetes mellitus to reduce the risk of disability and death," he quoted by Kompas.com.

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According to Aman, diabetes in children is one of the most serious health problems of this century and has become a global problem for over 25 years.

Note that diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic disease caused by a disorder in the production of hormone insulin or insulin work.

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Insulin is produced by the organs body and plays a role in regulating the glucose use of muscle, fat or other cells in the body.

If insulin production decreases, blood sugar levels will be high.

In general, diabetes mellitus is divided into 2 types.

Type 1 diabetes mellitus due to insufficiency of insulin due to damage to pancreatic beta cells.

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is due to impaired insulin work in muscles, liver and fatty tissue which may also be accompanied by damage to pancreatic beta cells.

Safe to explain type 1 diabetes mellitus in children is not just a matter of genes, but also environmental factors, dietary patterns and activities.

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In addition, type 1 diabetes mellitus can not be prevented. Therefore, early detection and proper handling are very necessary.

Here are some symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 in children:

Increased thirst and frequent urination

Excess sugar builds up in the child's bloodstream draws fluid from the tissue.

As a result, children often feel thirsty and urinate. Even some children can suddenly experience bedwetting.

Extreme hunger

Without enough insulin to move sugar to the child's cells, the child's muscles and organs are missing.

This triggers intensive hunger.

Weight Loss

Without energy supply, muscles and fat deposits can shrink.

Therefore, even if the child eats enough, drastic weight loss can be the first sign of type 1 diabetes in children.

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tiredness

Lack of sugar in cells can make children feel tired and hilarious.

Children may feel tired and cheerful all the time

behavior Change

One of the signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 in children is behavioral change.

In addition, children with diabetes mellitus type 1 can also experience a decrease in school performance.

vision Problems

Type 1 diabetes mellitus in children can cause problems in their vision.

This causes blurred vision in children.

Moms will also be able to see sudden behavioral changes in children with diabetes mellitus type 1.

They suddenly become annoying, moody, carefully, until they are depressed.

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Aman explained that in addition to looking at some of the clinical symptoms, parents must also check blood sugar.

This test can help ensure a diagnosis of diabetes in children. Normal blood glucose levels in children are the same as normal sugar levels in adults, ie fasting blood sugar is less than 126 mg / dl or after-meal blood sugar is less than 200 mg / dl.

If the child is suspected of having type 1 diabetes, it is best to immediately contact the doctor for the correct treatment.

Management Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a comprehensive system that includes insulin administration, eating control, exercise, routine monitoring (monitoring) and education.

In addition, patients with diabetes mellitus 1 must continue to exercise control on a regular basis.

"Control is an important thing to do. Although Type 1 diabetes has not yet been cured, the patient's quality of life can be maintained as optimally as possible with good control," says Aman.

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Type 1 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine metabolic diseases in children and adolescents worldwide.

Only in Indonesia there has been an increase in type 1 diabetes mellitus by more than 500% in the last 5 years.

According to data from the Ministry of Health of the Indonesian Directorate General for Disease Prevention and Control (P2P), especially non-communicable diseases (PTM), type 1 diabetes mellitus in Indonesia generally diagnoses 10-14 years with 403 cases first.

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While 5-9 years of age with 275 cases.

The diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children may be normal first. But suddenly signs and symptoms of diabetes mellitus type 1 develop rapidly in children quickly for several weeks. (*)

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