KOMPAS.com "The solar system holds many secrets that must be revealed. Thousands of stars, planets, comets and even meteorids adorn the arrangement of the solar system. Different countries compete to reveal the secrets of the universe.
This situation occurred during the 1960s, when the Soviet Union and the United States competed to reach and find something in space. Competition is often called "space race"This can always find something new and useful to science.
After trying to bring animals into space and bring people into circulation, the NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) or the US Space Agency also made a new dissolution to identify and observe the surface of other planets.
Today, 47 years ago, November 14, 1971, a spacecraft from NASA made it to Mars.
The vehicle included in the Mariner program is recorded as the first vehicle to observe Mars. This event became a record in the space world at that time.
Reporting from ForbesMariner 9 is an unmanned vehicle launched against Mars from Cape Cannaveral, Florida, US Launch Center on May 30, 1971. The vehicle was launched with its "partner", Mariner 8.
Mariner 9 aims to accompany his "partner" in the course of Mars, but Mariner 8 Spacecraft never made it out of the world's orbit.
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space Race Always give a different color to each contest. When NASA launched Mariner, the Soviet Union also launched a project called Mars in Space.
However, efforts from NASA succeeded in defeating the Soviet Union. Reporting from Mariner 9 Daily came to Mars on November 14, 1971, well before the other two spacecraft. March 2 arrived two weeks later on November 27, 1971, followed by March 3 on December 2.
The Mariner 9 mission team has been sent to the orbiter's computer and ordered to wait until a dust storm has crossed the Mars surface.
According to Compass Daily November 15, 1971, Mariner circulates 9 March orbit twice a day, taking pictures and data about the planet in terms of atmospheric composition, density, pressure and temperature data on Mars, as well as surface composition, temperature and topography on the planet.
After reaching their circles, scientists showed up on Earth when the clouds enveloped Mars and began to reveal Mars's surface.
The peak of the volcano is only visible when the landscape is marked by wind power and the shocking water, then breaks down the valleys, deep canyons and craters.
The spacecraft also records how it looks like three flood beds, which show the existence of old water and possibly life on this planet.
Mariner 9 sent back more than 7000 pictures of "Red Planet" and managed to photograph the entire planet. Mariner 9 also sends back pictures close-up first month in March. The transfer was completed on October 27, 1972.