& # 39; 2nd Type 1 diabetes is a metabolic disease that causes the body to develop insulin improperly. Consequently, insulin may be insufficient in the body, it may be normal or even increased, but the use of insulin in the cells may be disturbed and blood sugar remains high. Sugar can not be prevented by reducing or eliminating candy from the menu. To avoid the disease it is necessary to create conditions where the body can function normally, explains the doctor.
Keep normal body weight
The normal body weight improves the rational use of insulin in the body. On the other hand, obesity is considered to be the most important risk factor for developing diabetes for both women and men. When the body becomes overweight, the size and number of fat cells increase, which complicates glucose penetration into the cells, which requires an increasing amount of insulin – the pancreas can not produce it in the required amount. With the increased insulin demand, metabolism changes and the body starts to function incorrectly. The risk of developing diabetes is also determined by the placement of fat in the body. Upper obesity (apple fat) increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus more than the oblique part of the body (pear).
»Expert advice for seniors on how to maintain lifestyle and well-being
For diabetes prevention, foods that provide all necessary nutrients and minerals are valuable, but do not encourage excessive accumulation of kilos. Each meal should be made according to the so-called disk principle, where half a plate is intended for vegetables. Vegetables must be fresh. If you prepare salads, then without fat sauces, they can be poured with light olive oil and citrus fruit sauce. ¼ The dish should be provided for protein products – meat, fish, dairy products, eggs, legumes and ¼ fat carbohydrates – for starch products. Good choices are whole foods, such as whole grain pasta, brown rice, different grits and grains.
It is recommended that only a small amount of healthy (unsaturated) fats, such as olive oil, rapeseed or linseed oil, be used in the preparation of meals. The best choice for cooking is the oven or sauté counter where the food can be boiled without excess fat. Excessive consumption of heavy meat, cakes, pastries, chocolate and other sweets should be avoided. Must be at least 2 liters of water. It is advisable to plan common meals and avoid misleading meals to keep the menu fresh and balanced.
Connect to a sufficient amount of physical activity
A physically active lifestyle is the key to succeeding in avoiding various health problems, including type 2 diabetes. A sufficient amount of physical activity must be followed especially by those who do office work and spend their daily lives sitting often. Movements not only help to reduce weight, but because the person moves more, they consume more muscle energy (glucose), which leads to a decrease in sugar levels. It is important to have physical activity every day or at least 5 days a week. It does not mean you have to go to the gym every day, it's optimal to spend 20 minutes on exercises or go for a walk for 30-60 minutes.