México.- Malaria is an acute fever disease that takes 10 to 15 days to occur after the bite of an Anopheles mosquito.
It may be difficult to recognize the symptoms, but if you have these that are considered the most common, contact a doctor immediately.
Symptoms can range from mild to severe if not monitored.
in less than 24 hours and can lead to death if not treated in a timely manner
Those affected by the serious illness usually show one or more of the following symptoms:
-In children severe anemia and difficulty breathing
– For adults, the impact is also frequent
In areas where malaria is endemic, people may gain partial immunity, which allows for the occurrence of asymptomatic infections.
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Figures from the World Health Organization show that i
2017 was almost half the world's population at risk of suffering
malaria. Most cases and deaths were recorded in Africa
sub-Saharan Africa, but WHO regions in Asia are also affected
Southeast, the eastern Mediterranean, the western Pacific, and America.
In 2017, 87 countries and territories experienced a continuous transmission of the disease.
Who is in danger?
Some population groups are at risk
significantly higher than others for getting the disease and presenting
serious manifestations: infants, children under five,
pregnant women and patients with HIV / AIDS as well as non-immune migrants
endemic areas, travelers and travelers population groups.
According to the latest Global Report on Malaria,
published in November 2018, in 2017 there were 219 million cases of
Malaria compared to 217 million in 2016.
The estimated number of deaths due to malaria in 2017 was
435,000, similar to the previous year
WHO's Africa region continues to support some
disproportionate to the global burden of the disease. In 2017, 92% were off
There are cases recorded and 93% of deaths in this region.
In 2017, five countries accounted for almost half of that
Global cases of malaria: Nigeria (25%), Democratic Republic of Congo
(11%), Mozambique (5%), India (4%) and Uganda (4%).
Children under 5 are the most vulnerable group; in 2017,
they accounted for 61% (266,000) of worldwide deaths from malaria.
Malaria is transmitted in most cases
female mosquito bite of the genus Anopheles. In the world there are more than 400
Anopheles species, but only 30 of them are important vectors of
malaria. All species that are important vectors bite between
Dusk and dawn The intensity of the transmission depends on factors
related to the parasite, the vector, the human host and the environment.
How is it prevented?
- -Cleaning is key as well as actions that cut the way the transmitter flies like:
- -Mosquito nets treated with insecticides
- – Internal spraying with insecticides with residual effect
- – Vaccines against malaria
- – Cleaning of stagnant water yards
So, to prevent malaria, it is important to take
act and limit your step with power.