the schizophrenia It is a complex brain disease that affects some of the features that control thinking, emotion, behavior and perception. Although prevalence is low (one percent of the world's population) it is one of them more disabling conditions, because it usually occurs among adolescents, one of the most productive stages of life, confirmed by UNAM Raúl Escamilla.
The head of subspecies at the National Institute of Psychiatry Ramón de la Fuente indicated that "schizophrenia or psychosis is usually associated with violent patients, but if they are controlled and medicated they do not have to be; in addition, those suffering from other diseases may be more violent, says Ramón de la Fuente, of the Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health at the Faculty of Medicine (FM), in the auditorium.
Those who suffer schizophrenia They lose contact with reality. This disease is inherent in mental health problems and some medical conditions, and the best way to help is to inform the population about this condition to avoid its stigma.
Escamilla explained that the loss of contact with reality could mean changes in sensory sensation, better known as hallucinations or distortions.
The most common are the auditory: the voices, the murmur or the occasional sounds (most disqualify the patient), but it can also be visual, olfactory, tactile or somatic hallucinations.
In addition to the distortion through perceptions, the affected person has hallucinations as he holds restraint, like persecution of persecution and greatness. In addition, he suffers from celotipia, bipolar disorder, psychotic or somatic symptoms (when he believes he is suffering from a health problem that does not exist), "it is a certain hypocondria to the extreme."
When a person realizes that there is something wrong with his mental health, he begins with a general practitioner or psychologist, also looking for explanations of a spiritual or supernatural type, as "delusions are nuanced according to the patient's cultural context and personality," said expert.
the schizophrenia It is accompanied by "negative symptoms" as general anxiety, which can be confused with depression; loss of ability to enjoy things; lack of initiative small socialization and isolation.
Other symptoms that have recently been characterized are those related to cognition, with higher mental functions such as attention, concentration, abstraction, planning and memory. These, along with the "negative symptoms", make the treatment difficult. Consequently, patients have a bad function, said Raúl Escamilla.
Usually schizophrenia It appears among adolescents and is related to a change in the central nervous system maturation process. In terms of risk factors, one of the most known genetic, although a relative with psychopathology or schizophrenia is not critical to developing these conditions, he said.
Some causes are still unknown, as many patients who have not been exposed to substances that do not live in a stressful environment or do not have a triggering factor develop this condition for no apparent reason. but the more risk factors exist, the probability increases.
Finally, he indicated that the earlier the disease started, the more difficult the prognosis and the more complicated treatment, resulting in the deterioration of the patient.