Every year 20,000 children are born prematurely in Tunisia, or about 50 children a day born before the end of 37 weeks of pregnancy.
Professor Zahra Bensaid Marrakchi, Head of Neonatal Resuscitation and Neonatal Resuscitation at Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis, said that this figure represents 10% of birth rates per year (more than 200 thousand).
According to her, several risk factors are responsible for prematurity in pregnant women, under the age of 18 or over 35 years, smoking, alcoholism, most pregnancies, pre-history birth, stress, excessive fatigue related to occupational or family work and daily commuting.
According to Pr Marrakachi, in Tunisia and as in most countries, prematurity is the leading cause of death at birth. Every year about 15 million children are born prematurely (before 37 completed pregnancy weeks).
This number is increasing. In the case of almost one million deaths per year in 2015, complications of premature births are the main cause of death among children under 5 years.