Today is World Diabetes Day. It was founded by the International Diabetes Association with the World Health Organization in 1991 in response to concerns about the increasing incidence of diabetes in the world.
As Mindrave explained, November 14 was chosen because Frederick Banting was born on the day that along with Charles Best played a crucial role in the discovery of insulin in 1922 – a drug that saves people with diabetes.
The purpose of World Diabetes Day is to educate the public about the causes, symptoms, complications and treatment of this disease.
Every year, World Diabetes Day is dedicated to a specific subject related to this disease. The theme for the day 2018 is "family and diabetes".
In the Komi Republic, according to the results from 9 months of 2018, the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus was detected in the course of clinical examination in 5 461 cases.
As of November 11, 2018, diabetes mellitus was first diagnosed with 1,840 people.
The increase in the number of patients suffering from diabetes and other diseases in the carbohydrate metabolism is increasing, mainly due to the development of obesity in the population, genetic predisposition, increased life expectancy and aging of the population, nutritional change, urbanization. Epidemiological studies conducted show that the largest number of patients with diabetes falls in the age group 60-69 years (12985), 70-79 years (6817 persons), as well as the most necessary part of the population, the age group 18-59 years (10705 persons) while the real incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus is usually 3-4 times higher than officially reported.
In addition, there has been an increase in identified patients with pregnancy diabetes mellitus – this is diabetes, which is detected in patients during pregnancy, but is not a "manifest" diabetes mellitus. Glycemia after birth is normal and may increase again with the next pregnancy. By 2018, 408 such patients were registered.
Currently, in the Republic of Komi, 34131 patients with various diseases in the carbohydrate metabolism are officially registered. Of these, type 1 diabetes mellitus 1565, type 2 diabetes mellitus is 28728, other types of diabetes are 158. Almost 70% of patients with diabetes are women.
Endocrinologists strongly advise to lead a healthy lifestyle, undergo medical examinations to identify risk factors for developing the disease and regularly monitor blood glucose levels, and recall that the maximum blood glucose level should not exceed 5.5 mmol / l.