Friday , May 14 2021

How can a child recognize cold, flu or pneumonia? When is it really bad?



These signs should be checked by all, although the final resolution belongs to the doctor's hands – the parent can consider the situation.

Cough, weakness, fatigue, fever … symptoms that are very common and parents are convinced of their children. When is it cold, flu or pneumonia? The so-called cold is caused by a whole host of viruses and is not serious, it is sufficient for rest, enough fluid and peace to cure.

But something else is already lung inflammation. This is a potentially dangerous disease with the need for proper antibiotic treatment according to schedule. Even today it is a disease that people die. Dangerous groups are always children. According to the WHO, 156 million cases of pneumonia are reported annually in children under 5 years!

Beware of breathing changes

The problem, however, is that it is not easy for a parent to distinguish a non-serious respiratory disease from pneumonia. Especially in newborns and infants, the symptoms are poor.

In newborns, fever can not be present, with fever and coughing commonly found in infants. It is always important to measure the temperature and not rely on the estimation by using the hand attached to the child's forehead.

If cough occurs in children younger than 4 months, medical visits are always necessary and pneumonia should be avoided. For children of all ages, seek medical assistance with breathing difficulties – if the child breathes effortlessly, breathe into the nostrils, even below the throat, the chest is drawn into the middle and abdomen.

Breathing is often high, accompanied by whistling or hoarseness. It can also be very fast. Sometimes the bluish color of the pier is also displayed.

Such manifestations always require medical examination and may also be present in diseases other than pneumonia.

Like daddy?

Inflammation of the lung in infants may also be manifested by anxiety, restlessness or sleepiness, and there may be no coughing. If a baby swells well enough as always, it's hard to see a serious illness.

But if a child completely refuses to eat or is premature divorced from a breast or a bottle, he is unhappy, nervous or apathetic, something is wrong. Caution must be taken when the child is not in his skin and acts as a sick person.

Pneumonia can begin as a common cold, but it does not improve but it gets worse. It is surprisingly often and undesirable to underestimate it.

Typical and atypical

A particular case is so-typical, cold pneumonia. Typical pneumonia is typically characterized by the often weak functions. For example, it can only show long-term cough without temperature (hence the name "cold") and other pronounced manifestations.

Despite bad symptoms and often normal findings in physical examination, this diagnosis is more pronounced on an X-ray. This type of inflammation causes different bacteria from those responsible for classical pneumonia, so antibiotic treatment is usually different.

When should you call an ambulance?

  • For breathing difficulties listed above
  • With breathless breath
  • When dabbing the bridge or face when the child is not flushed
  • If you think the child is in an emergency

Go straight to the emergency room:

  • Bleed the bridge or cheeks while coughing
  • With whistling sounds during breathing, even with other sounds associated with breathing
  • In case of blood bleeding
  • With fast breathing
  • In fever above 40 degrees Celsius
  • If fever is less than 3 months old
  • In case of severe chest pain
  • If the child is "off", even though she is awake
  • If a child with a weakened immune system coughs – cancer patients, children taking corticosteroids, children after transplant
  • About coughing children with lung diseases – with cystic fibrosis
  • About coughing children less than 4 months old
  • The child looks or reports as very sick
  • Any doubt

Visit your pediatrician within 24 hours about:

  • The child has long cough attacks that last for 5 or more minutes
  • Symptoms of colds have a baby under 6 months
  • If the fever lasts longer than 3 days
  • If the fever returns after more than 24 hours after it has receded
  • Both chest and chest pain
  • If you think the child should be investigated, it's not an emergency

Consult your doctor at least by phone:

  • If the cough caused a baby to vomit 3 times or more
  • When the nose is clogged for more than 2 weeks
  • Cough lasts longer than 3 weeks
  • At the current symptoms of allergy – itching in the eyes and rhinitis
  • Any doubts or questions


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