In Spain, a total of 645 cases of gonococcal infection or gonorrhea were reported in 2016. This is data from the last epidemiological surveillance report on infectious diseases published by the National Epidemiology Center. This data represents an increase of 24.87 percent compared to the previous year, with 5,170 cases and no less than 222 percent more than in 2005, when 1,155 cases were reported.
If we indicate the number of populations affected by the population, the incidence in 2016, the last year recorded by the public institution depending on the Carlos III Health Institute, was 13.89 cases per year. 100,000 inhabitants. Data representing an increase in cases compared to the previous year, where there was 11.14 affected per year. 100,000 inhabitants, and until 2014, when the incidence was 9.82 cases per year. 100,000 people.
And while they are more than alarming numbers, according to health authorities, still we are below the European averagewhich fluctuate about 20 cases per day 100,000 inhabitants, according to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control. It is therefore an evil that not only affects Spain, but the whole of Europe, which has seen the number of people affected by this disease grow. In fact, the average number of cases has doubled since 2008 as the rate was 8 infections per day. 100,000 inhabitants.
This infection, very contagious, has risen alarmingly throughout the European population.
Of countries from the 27 EU Member States, The United Kingdom tops the list of this alarming increase in cases of gonorrhea as it tripled the European average by 60 cases per day. 100,000 inhabitants. Followed by Ireland, Denmark, Lithuania and Sweden.
Gonorrhea is one of the four most common STIs in the world and the other most contagious, along with chlamydia, syphilis or trichomoniasis. According to Dr. Jorge del Romero, a member of the Spanish Contagious Diseases Company and Clinical Microbiology (SEIMC), is due to this continuous and alarming increase in gonorrhea due to a greater number of diagnoses due to "improvement of the tests" and of course also to increase in risky sexual practices, promoted by "loss of fear of AIDS" and "the use of drugs that reduce the risk of sex".
Romero believes that "it is already a public health problem", while health authorities fear that registers in 2017 are even worse with a progressive increase in cases.
Cases from autonomous regions
As to the existence of the autonomous community, The highest prices were recorded in Catalonia with 2,147 (28,97 cases per 100,000 inhabitants), Asturias with 292 (28.14), Madrid with 1,519 (23,58) and the Balearic Islands with 181 (15,8).
According to the data in the report, about 83.7 percent of the men concerned were men – 5,006 men compared to 974 women; 60.3 percent were between 25 and 44 years old, 38.9 percent between 25 and 34 years and 21.4 percent from 35 to 44.
Men are most affected by this disease.
Men are still the most affected because of the risky sexual practices of the gay or bisexual men. This is confirmed by the data collected in a study by the Sandoval Health Center, which specializes in STIs, where an increase of 201% is observed between 2013 and 2017. Specifically, "out of 10 diagnoses at least 8 were identified between men and men, independently, that I also had relationships with women. "
With regard to age, the Romero doctor guarantees that "Every time you see younger thingsThe average age at diagnosis was 31.64 years, and the incidence in men was higher than women in all age groups.
As for the modes of transmission, almost half (44%) of the gonorrhagic diagnoses reported in the EU were reported among men who have sex with men (MSM). This is only slightly lower than the proportion of heterosexual men and women combined (49%).
Second most infectious sexually transmitted infection in the world
Gonorrhea is a frequent STI that can affect the genitals, rectum and throat. The most common symptoms are burning sensation of urination and discharge, which may also be pain in the testes. However 10 percent of men with gonococcal infection have no symptoms. Dr. del Romero, who is also the director of Sandoval Health Center, recalls that gonococcal infection can be contracted when having sex without a condom with someone who has the infection through anal, vaginal or oral sex. Likewise, fellatio is also a risky practice for gonococcal infection.